Since its establishment in 1880, for over 200 years, Science magazine has developed into one of the world's top journals, becoming one of the most authoritative academic journals in the world. The family of Science journals is also constantly growing. In addition to the existing Science, Science Advances, Science Immunology, Science Signaling, and Science Translational Medicine journals, the Science journal family is also welcoming a new member: Science Robotics.
Whether working independently or collaborating with humans, robots are becoming ubiquitous. They travel in distant space and explore mysterious oceans. They are both our doctors and drivers, and they are integrating into our daily lives. We urgently need a platform on which we can communicate the latest technological advancements in the field of robotics, discuss ethical and policy issues related to robotics, and conduct in-depth social criticism. To this end, we founded the Science Robotics journal. As a member of the family of Science journals, Science Robotics adheres to the quality of Science as always, while serving scientific researchers and the general public. It is interdisciplinary, covering both traditional robotics and emerging trends in the field of robotics, such as the latest materials and biomimetic design. It focuses on robots of all sizes, from massive computing systems to micro/nano level robots. It has a broad perspective, emphasizing both theoretical progress and practical applications; And it can promote the repeatability of experiments, the development of online supplementary materials, and design/code libraries. We welcome all researchers committed to the field of robotics - whether mature researchers or pioneers - to join us and rewrite the history of robotics for the benefit of humanity.
-Guang Zhong Yang and Marcia McNutt
This text appears on the official website of the journal Science in the form of "Editor's Notes" by two scientists: Marcia McNutt and Guang Zhong Yang.
Marcia McNutt, appointed as the editor in chief of the Science journal family in 2013, was elected as the president of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) in February of this year. McNutt's main research field is marine geophysics, and she has expanded her territory in the fiercely competitive scientific community: she is the first female editor in chief in the history of the journal Science, and also the first female principal in the history of the National Academy of Sciences in the United States.
And another Chinese scientist, Guang Zhong Yang, also has an extraordinary experience. In 1982, Yang Guangzhong was admitted to the Department of Automation at Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Four years later, he was admitted to the Institute of Image Processing and Pattern Recognition at Shanghai Jiao Tong University for a master's degree. In 1987, he was selected to study abroad at Imperial College of Technology in the UK and obtained a doctoral degree. Professor Yang Guangzhong is the co founder and director of the Hamlyn Centre at Imperial College London, specializing in robotic surgery, and the vice chairman of the Global Health Innovation Institute. Professor Yang holds an important academic position at Imperial College of Technology - he is the director and founder of the Royal Society/Wolfson Medical Image Computing Laboratory, co founder of the Wolfson Surgical Technology Laboratory, and chairman of the Centre for Pervasive Sensing.
Chinese scientist Guang Zhong Yang
Professor Yang's main research areas include three major areas: medical imaging, sensing, and robotics. In medical imaging, Professor Yang has made breakthroughs in new magnetic resonance phase contrast imaging and computer modeling technologies, changing the quantification and visualization of blood flow in the body, including the development of local focus imaging technology combined with the use of real-time navigation echoes to solve the respiratory motion problem of high-resolution coronary angiography. Meanwhile, Professor Yang won the ISMRM I. I Rabi Award from the International Medical Magnetic Resonance Association for his outstanding achievements in dynamic flow pressure mapping. He pioneered the concept of perceptual docking in robot control, which represented a paradigm shift in robot learning and knowledge acquisition, as well as in robot perception/cognitive behavior. Moreover, in the field of research on Body Sensor Network (BSN), Professor Yang has developed a universal, intelligent, and contextualized personalized wireless monitoring platform. Professor Yang Guangzhong has been named one of the 100 most important scientists in "British Science" by Time magazine.
The Hamlyn Centre at Imperial College London, founded by Yang Guangzhong, focuses on robotic surgery.
On October 21, 2015, during his visit to the UK, Xi Jinping visited the Hamlin Research Center at Imperial College London.
When it comes to surgical robots, the first thing we think of is probably the "da Vinci" surgical robot. But Professor Yang Guangzhong believes that today's surgical robots, including the "Da Vinci" robots, lack intelligence and specificity. In our May article, the foreign media were swept by this intelligent surgical robot that surpasses Leonardo da Vinci. Surgeons are eagerly watching: although "Leonardo da Vinci" is currently the world's most advanced soft tissue robot surgical system, "Leonardo da Vinci", as an auxiliary surgical robot, is an extension of the surgeon's hand. The entire surgery is completed under the control of a doctor, and "Leonardo da Vinci" does not have the ability to complete the surgery independently.
Given the shortcomings of current surgical robots, Professor Yang Guangzhong proposed the development goals of future medical robots - "To sense, to act, to adapt, to learn, to evolve, to be intelligent, to disappear" (perception, manipulation, adaptation, learning, evolution, intelligence, and ultimately integration with humans).
To sense "is to address the current challenges in practical surgical procedures by incorporating cellular level information into experiments through 3D reconstruction and localization, as well as finer imaging;
To act "introduces wrist and elbow, combined with fingers, to jointly control the robot, and uses bionics (starting from" snake ") to redesign the robot;
To adapt "enables robots to actively restrain and complete surgeries on key parts of the human body;
To learn, to evolve, to be intelligent ", using visual tracking technology to achieve human-machine integration;
To disappear "utilizes 3D printing or micro manufacturing technology to create smaller robots that achieve finite element reconstruction of the tissue stress field to control the force during surgery. They can even capture a blood cell, ultimately achieving a diffuse and ubiquitous medical robot.
In a BBC interview, Professor Yang Guangzhong believed that in order for Chinese scientists to expand their influence in scientific research, they must integrate into the mainstream society of the UK and rely on their solid academic background to develop their academic work. The newly established sub journal Science Robotics, edited by him, confirms what he once said: Chinese scientists, like people of any other ethnic background, are able to develop in the field of academic research in the UK, regardless of their individual ethnic background. It depends on their level of scientific research and their ability to integrate into mainstream society. As long as they have a diligent academic attitude and unleash the hardworking spirit of Chinese, Chinese scientists can have great development in the UK or internationally
Currently, the chief editor of Science Robotics is Jeremy Berg, the editor in chief of the journal Science, and Professor Yang Guangzhong is the editor. Science Robotics will publish original, peer-reviewed research articles based on science or engineering that can advance the development of the robotics field. At the same time, there will also be editorial commissioned review articles. As a member of the Science journal family, the international academic editorial team maintains Science Robotics articles to the same high-quality standard.